Intense and prolonged exposure to traumatic events combined with other risk factors (some of the risk factors for PTSD are older age, female gender, pre-trauma mental health issues, early life trauma and lack of social support) can lead to significant changes in personality development.
This long-term effect of trauma is called complex PTSD and it encompasses alterations in:
Trauma can alter the sense of identity, one’s self-worth and core believes
about the world. Some of typical cognitive distortions are:
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