What is an intellectual disability?
When a person has an intellectual disability (ID), this means that they have a reduced capacity to learn and apply new skills. They may have difficulty understanding new or complex information and so may require extra help with learning new things. Young children with ID may experience delays in development – learning to sit-up, crawl or walk for example. Some people with ID may have problems with communication and developing and maintaining relationships with other people. People with ID may also have problems interacting with their environment – this is known as social or adaptive functioning.
What is adaptive functioning?
Adaptive functioning usually encompasses three key skill sets:
Impaired adaptive functioning means people with ID may find it difficult to cope with some aspects of life, such as:
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