Understanding ADHD

Understanding ADHD

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD) is a medical/neurobiological condition which means it affects how the brain works and affects behaviour.
  • Individuals with ADHD may have difficulties relating to behaviour, learning and self-regulation.


Impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattentiveness are common with ADHD.

  1. Impulsiveness causes the person to react before thinking of what the outcome might be for example crossing a busy road without checking how safe this is.
  2. Hyperactivity means that the individual may find sitting still very difficult and may feel the need to jump, run around or move constantly.
  3. Inattentiveness means that the person may have difficulty focusing on something for a long time, or staying focused for long enough to complete as task.

Does ADHD occur with other disorders?

Individuals with ADHD are 60 to 80% more likely to also be affected by conditions such as: dyspraxia, oppositional defiant disorder, autistic spectrum disorders, anxiety and mood disorders.