Try to provide supportive environment .
Both caregiver and ill person would benefit from learning about the illness.
Keep a daily routine in meals, going to sleep, and other daily activities. A daily routine predictability gives a sense of security for people with schizophrenia.
Support the patient without patronizing It is important not to act as if he/ she were a small child.
Be clear and simple in communication .
Avoid expression of negative emotions, criticism, angry reaction,
disappointment and arguments with other family members in front of
a patient. Τheir need for peace should to be respected.
Learn how to identify early signs of illness.
Regular visits to the doctor and engaging in psychosocial therapy programs are helpful.
Choosing a trusted person, motivating them to engage in activities they enjoy, especially one-on-one activities, are also helpful.
Provide additional support, especially after psychotic relapses and hospital treatment,
Engage the person in physical activities such as exercise or walking, take care of his/her regular sleep.
Eat healthy, and avoiding taking psychoactive agents, including nicotine and alcohol.
What does not help :
Constant reminding to take the medicine: it is better to turn it into a daily routine
Criticizing for being passive: try to motivate him/her for some activities he/she used to like and delegate some responibilities
Early signs of reoccuring symptom of psychosis are additional social withdrawal, often depressed mood, sleep disturbances,inappropriate emotional expressions,irrational statements,signs of hallucinations
Do not try to convince the person that his or her delusions are not realistic.
Do not shout, express anger.
Do not touch them, seek eye contact instead. It should be remembered that a person can be very upset and frightened by what they are going through. It can help calmly invite person to sit and rest.
Reduce the noise and light in a room with as few people as possible nearby (calming effect).
What can be done in a case of suicidal thoughts or self harm
One can express suicidal thoughts in the range from statemnet „ the life is not worth living” or „I have to break this life” to make preparations for suicide ( save the rope,collecting medicaments etc.). Patients with schizophrenia in 15% of cases does commit suicide.
It is important to refer to a psychiatrist or emergency services as soon as possible.