Which substances are abused?

Which substances are abused?

Cocaine/crack: A drug extracted from coca leaves and consumed in powder form. It can be inhaled, rubbed on the gums or injected. It is associated to a rapid tolerance development and requires increasing doses to elicit the same feeling of euphoria. Its consumption can cause death associated with heart attack, brain hemorrhage or breathing problems.

A drug produced as a crystal from lysergic acid. Sold in the form of colorless, odorless liquid, gelatin tablets, capsules or squares

Cannabis: The most popular drug, often consumed by inhalation and ingestion. Causes sense of well-being, greater sensitivity to external stimuli and intensifies sensory awareness.

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Made from poppy resin, such as opium and morphine. Most heroin is injected, thus increasing the likelihood of an infection, notably HIV (AIDS).

Alcohol abuse strongly impacts the brain and also causes damage to the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, the heart, the pancreas. Moreover, there is a strong scientific consensus of an association between alcohol and several types of cancer.

MDMA/Ecstasy: Group of synthesized drugs that cause a feeling of well-being and euphoria. They exist in the form of tablets and capsules. Its consumption causes hyperthermia, dehydration, hyponatremia, hypertension, nausea and depression.